Its conclusion, Dalrymple notes,
benefited the French population as a whole more than the Algerian population as a whole. It saved France without saving Algeria. Had Algeria remained French, full rights as French citizens would almost certainly have had to be granted to Algerians, including the right to live in metropolitan France. They were 9m at the time of independence, but they are 39m now; and whatever problems France may now have with its population of North African origin, they are tiny by comparison with what they might have been if there had been absolutely free movement between the countries.