worse than that which I have seen in Africa.
have less pride, less self-respect. They have no self-respect, actually.
A necessary condition of such a state of the soul is
the welfare state.
But Dalrymple doubts that the welfare state is a sufficient condition for such degradation. (There are, he points out, welfare states less bad than Britain’s.) The point is that there has been
an ideological change: things that were once received as a benefit are received as a right. This is a cause of resentment: what people receive — they are being paid to exist — is never as much as what they would like to receive.